Maracatu Rural or Maracatu do Baque solto is a created folkloric manifestation there are more than a hundred years by farmers and cutters of cane of the city of Nazaré da Mata, a small city in a rural area of the State of Pernambuco, in the northeast of Brazil.
Nazaré da Mata is known as the capital of Maracatu because it is the municipal district that concentrates the largest number of groups, in total 22.
According to specialists, the Maracatu Rural appeared in the end of the century XIX, after the end of the slavery.
During the presentations, that it refer us to a seen Catholic procession of the slaves' perspective and simple workers, it is possible to identify people wearing costumes of kings , queens and princesses, in a representation of the cut that portrays the European influence in the area, besides the slaves that were there to serve. The most common character is the Caboclo de lança, he represents the protecting warrior of his people that is leaving for battle, he is the memory of the Indian that fougth not to lose his territory, those Indians turned caboclos and they carry a lance as weapon.
The maracatu is not just a rhythm, he represents the history of Brazil told for the least favored, through the knowledge inherited by their ancestors.
During the whole year the groups of maracatu rural meet to dance, to rehearse and to get ready for the carnival, that is when the maracatu finds his moment of he glorie, with presentations in several cities, he leaves the most colored carnival and culturally enriched.